Hyperthyroidism Diet: Foods To Eat And Avoid



Published on: 11-Mar-2023


10 min read


Updated on : 19-Jan-2024




Ritika Sharma


Hyperthyroidism Diet: Foods To Eat And Avoid

Hyperthyroidism Diet: Foods To Eat And Avoid

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The thyroid, located near the front of the neck, is a tiny, butterfly-shaped gland. As a result of the hormones it produces, the body can regulate its energy expenditure. These hormones regulate many of the body's most crucial processes and have far-reaching effects. When the thyroid generates an excessive amount of hormones, a condition known as hyperthyroidism develops. This may cause a wide variety of signs and symptoms, such as lethargy and trouble sleeping, accidental weight loss and needs medical care for diseases like increased heart rate, and more. When you finally get your hyperthyroidism under control, you will start to feel better.

Problems with metabolism, bone health, and the neurological, hormonal, and cardiovascular systems may result from an overactive thyroid gland that generates too much thyroid hormone. ToneOp provides a weight loss plan which can effectively manage conditions like hyperthyroidism. This blog is all about a perfect diet that can help you manage hyperthyroidism.

Table Of Contents

  1. What Is Hyperthyroidism?
  2. Causes Of Hyperthyroidism
  3. Foods To Eat During Hyperthyroidism
  4. Foods To Avoid In Hyperthyroidism
  5. The Final Say
  6. FAQs

What Is Hyperthyroidism?

In hyperthyroidism, the thyroid produces and secretes an excessive amount of hormones. An overactive thyroid is another name for this condition. Triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) are the two primary hormones produced by your thyroid (T4). You should see a doctor if you have hyperthyroidism since it may have systemic effects.

When the thyroid gland generates an excessive amount of thyroid hormone, a condition known as hyperthyroidism occurs; an overactive thyroid is a term used to describe this illness. Hyperthyroidism often stems from an autoimmune disorder called Graves' disease. Unintended weight loss, stress, heat, frequent bowel movements, trouble sleeping, and muscular weakness are some of the signs of an overactive thyroid. Women suffer from hyperthyroidism at a far higher rate as compared to males.

4 Major Causes Of Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism may be brought on by a variety of medical issues and circumstances:

1.rave’s Disease

This condition occurs when your body's immune system mistakes your thyroid for an invader and assaults it. As a result, your thyroid will produce an abundance of thyroid hormone. As a genetic disorder, Graves' illness runs in families. There is a hereditary component to Graves' illness, so if one person in your family has it, others may do, too. This occurs more often in those who are deemed female at birth as opposed to those who are deemed male. Roughly 85% of all instances of hyperthyroidism may be attributed to Graves' disease.

2.Thyroid Nodules

Thyroid nodules are abnormal growths of thyroid cells. They are capable of producing an abundance of hormones. Malignant nodules of the thyroid are quite uncommon.


Thyroiditis, often known as inflammation of the thyroid gland, may be painful or asymptomatic, depending on the individual (silent). It might occur during the first year after giving birth (postpartum thyroiditis). It is possible that your thyroid will not be able to fully heal from thyroiditis, which will leave you with hypothyroidism.

4.Excess Iodine

A higher-than-normal intake of iodine (through food or medicine) might stimulate the thyroid into producing extra thyroid hormone in those who are predisposed to hyperthyroidism. The thyroid requires iodine, a mineral, to produce thyroid hormone. Hyperthyroidism may also result from receiving intravenous iodine-based contrast (iodine "dye"). Hyperthyroidism may also be brought on by using the iodine-rich drug amiodarone

6 Foods To Eat During Hyperthyroidism

1.Green Leafy Vegetables

Calcium may be found in abundance in dark greens like spinach. People with hyperthyroidism may benefit from this since an overabundance of thyroid hormones can induce bone loss and an increased risk of osteoporosis.


Turkey is a good source of protein since your body needs it for several essential functions, including maintaining and generating energy. If you suffer from hyperthyroidism and have noticed that you have lost weight, increasing your protein intake may help you stop the weight loss and keep it off. Do you not consume meat? Just make sure you are getting some kind of protein with every meal.

3.Olive Oil

Olive oil's anti-inflammatory and thyroid-boosting properties are well-documented. Inappropriate immune responses to inflammation are thought to be the root cause of many autoimmune disorders, including hyperthyroidism, according to Dr Goddard. Autoimmunity "may be reduced by reducing inflammation in general.

4.Dairy Products

If left untreated, hyperthyroidism may reduce bone density and increase the risk of developing osteoporosis. Yoghurt and other dairy products like cheese and milk may help you avoid this by providing the calcium your body needs.


You may choose your favourite berry , whether it is a strawberry, blueberry, or raspberry. Antioxidants in abundance in berries help maintain your immune system in tip-top shape.

6.Omega 3

You may increase your body's ability to absorb calcium by eating fatty fish like salmon, which is rich in vitamin D. The possibility of developing osteoporosis is lowered as a result. There is evidence that omega-3 fatty acids can counteract the deleterious effects of thyroid dysfunction on liver function.

5 Foods To Avoid In Hyperthyroidism


There is a lot of iodine in seaweed naturally. If your doctor has advised you to have a low-iodine diet, you should avoid them.


Hyperthyroidism may be made worse by gluten because it causes inflammation in the thyroid gland. In case you have not heard, gluten has been linked to autoimmune disorders. A gluten-free diet has been shown to alleviate Graves' disease symptoms.


Heart palpitations and other symptoms of hyperthyroidism may be made worse by consuming stimulants like coffee, sweets, and caffeinated or stimulating food and drink. Drink water instead of caffeinated beverages.

4.Enriched Flour

Compared to whole grains, enriched flour's digestibility and nutritional density are drastically reduced. This food category is also known as hypoglycemia, which means it has the potential to alter hormone and glucose levels in the body. Foods low on the glycemic index, like thyroid hormone, may help the body go back to normal hormone levels. Swap out your enriched pasta, bread, snacks, and cereals with whole grains like brown rice, barley, quinoa, air-popped popcorn, whole wheat bread, etc.

5.Red Meat

Red meat is notorious for being loaded with cholesterol and saturated fat. Potential complications include high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes. Hyperthyroidism symptoms may be alleviated by limiting one's consumption of red meat. Eating excessive amounts of red meat over a long period has been linked to increased inflammation in the body.

Beans and cold water fish (salmon, tuna, herring, and mackerel) are good alternatives since they include lean protein.

Eat less prepared, fried, and sauced meals.

The Final Say

Although hyperthyroidism has no known treatment, its symptoms may be controlled. Your hormone levels may be managed with the aid of a healthy diet, medicine, and behavioural changes. Dietary changes may achieve normalising thyroid hormone levels and decrease hyperthyroidism symptoms.

A low-iodine diet that is made at home is best. Ask for help from a healthcare team if you need it. Thyroid conditions may be treated with advice on food and lifestyle changes. Furthermore, they may arrange for a healthy, balanced diet to be planned and implemented.


1.Does the thyroid affect blood sugar?

The thyroid does have a role in influencing blood pressure. Rapid heart rate is a symptom of hyperthyroidism, which occurs when thyroid hormone levels are abnormal. This causes a rise in blood pressure.

2.Can the thyroid lead to acidity?

Stomach acid reflux is a real problem; the thyroid may bring it on. Lack of thyroid hormone slows the movement of digested food from the stomach to the intestines. It results in acid reflux because food is pushed back up the oesophagus.

3.Can thyroid cause dizziness?

Thyroid illness can bring on symptoms like fatigue and difficulty breathing. Therefore, it disrupts the body's equilibrium. Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism both share this symptom.

About ToneOp

ToneOp is a platform dedicated to improving and maintaining your good health through a comprehensive range of goal-oriented diet plans and recipes. It also intends to provide value-added content to our consumers.  

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