Premarital Medical Assessment: Why A Health Checkup Before Marriage Is Necessary?



Published on: 18-Oct-2022


10 min read




Shubhi Sidnis


Premarital Medical Assessment: Why A Health Checkup Before Marriage Is Necessary?

Premarital Medical Assessment: Why A Health Checkup Before Marriage Is Necessary?

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Wedding preparations include attire, gifts, decorations, invitations, venue, looks, photographs, honeymoon, and much more. The functions that last 3-4 days are well planned in Indian weddings. Therefore, things that please others are given a lot of importance. Furthermore, it is a time of great excitement for the couple. Finding the love of one's life and committing to that person forever causes many emotional upheavals.

Kundli matching is one factor that people consider before deciding on a marriage. But, just like important rituals, health assessments of the bride and groom are also important.

There is no age to fall in love or to get married, but it is necessary to be aware that late marriages can risk infertility and lead to a lack of intimacy with the partner. 

However, a couple's premarital health checkup is frequently overlooked.

It is critical to understand your partner's health before getting married. Thanks to medical science, certain tests can identify health-related diseases. For example, do you know that the husband and wife's blood tests can reveal the potential issues that their children can carry? If these things are known ahead of time, they can be rectified. 

There are numerous tests that doctors recommend for both boys and girls before marriage. In addition, you and your future spouse should both be tested. 

We shall now know about the necessary medical tests that should be performed prior to the wedding.

Necessary Medical Investigations Before The Wedding

As you prepare for the big day, specific medical tests must be completed in order to be better equipped and ready for any obstacles that may arise.

The following are some examples of essential tests:

1. HIV Test

AIDS is caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which weakens the body's ability to fight infections. Before getting married, ensure that neither you nor your partner is HIV positive so that you do not risk your child’s birth and pass on this virus.

2. Ovary Test

Women who marry later in life are advised to get an ovary test first.

Women in their 30s typically decrease egg cell production, making family planning difficult. However, if both partners choose not to have biological children, the test becomes obsolete.

3. Genetic Test

Before getting married, both partners should have genetic tests to see if they have inherited or have the potential to inherit any illnesses. You should also be aware of your partner's family medical history. Diabetes, hypertension, heart, kidney, liver disease, breast cancer, cystic fibrosis, and even baldness are all passed down from generation to generation. As a result, there is no harm in learning about the health issues that arise after a few years of marriage because they can be defended ahead of time.

4. Infertility Test

Before getting married, both partners should get infertility tests. It aids in determining the health of sperm and the sperm count in men. Women can also learn whether or not they will have difficulty conceiving. As a result, both boys and girls must have fertility tests.

Most times, marriage occurs on time, but people cannot become parents, which could be due to a problem with either of them. As a result, this test should be performed first to avoid future resentment. However, having this test in our society is a matter of self-esteem for many people. Still, it is preferable to have everything clear up front than to be surprised later. This test is completed in record time. Women usually have an ultrasound, and men must have their sperm checked.

Including a healthy diet to improve fertility is also something you can do on your part.

5. STD (Sexually Transmitted Diseases) Test

People who are about to marry should test for STDs (sexually transmitted diseases). Even if one of the partners is affected by STD, it can make it challenging to work the marriage. HIV, hepatitis B, and C are chronic diseases that, if not treated properly, can have severe consequences for married life. Syphilis, gonorrhoea, and herpes tests should also be performed.

6. Blood Group Compatibility Test 

Pregnancy may be difficult if a couple's blood groups are incompatible. It should be ensured that both partners' Rh factors are the same or within a compatible range. Before marriage, it is also critical to understand your partner's blood group.

First and foremost, it demonstrates that you and your partner can donate blood to each other if necessary. The second most striking feature is that both parents' blood groups are essential for the upcoming child. The Rhesus factor test, also known as the Rh factor test, is required for this. People are more likely to be Rh+, but Rh- is less common. Being Rh-negative is not a disease, but the child is at risk if a pregnant woman is Rh-negative and her father is Rh-positive. Special care is required in such a situation.

7. Blood Disorder Test

The blood test commonly done is CBC- Complete Blood Count, which evaluates all the cellular components in the blood. 

Women should get tested for blood disorders to determine if they have blood haemophilia or thalassaemia, which can impact their future children and marriage.

8. Mental Health Screening

Understanding a person's mental health status is critical. You can not tell if someone has depression, schizophrenia, or other personality disorder just by looking at them. Because public awareness of mental health is high these days, the psychological test should be performed only once before committing to the relationship. The psychometric test takes a day or two to complete. 

Psychologists administer this test by asking you questions and showing you pictures.

You can also advise your partner to follow 

While we talked about the tests that should be taken before marriage, ToneOp insists you look at why it is crucial to have a pre-wedding medical assessment. 

Importance Of Pre-Wedding Medical Investigations 

A premarital health checkup includes a variety of screening tests that provide information about genetic, infectious, and communicable diseases, allowing you to reduce the risk of passing these diseases on to each other or your future offspring. In addition, a premarital check up can help married couples' futures in various ways and save them from unforeseen mishaps.

1. Aids In The Development Of A Healthy And Trusting Relationship

Premarital health screening provides couples with unbiased health information that is critical for their future. One's health is influenced by their family's medical history, hereditary factors, eating and exercise habits, weight, and addictions.

2. Prevents Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

HIV, hepatitis, syphilis, gonorrhoea, and herpes are all chronic and debilitating diseases. It can have a negative impact on the couple's married life if it goes undetected or unmanaged. Failure to detect and treat STDs early can lead to health complications, infertility, foetal wastage, ectopic pregnancy, cancer, or premature death.

3. Prevents The Transmission Of Hereditary Diseases To Offspring 

Blood-borne diseases such as haemophilia, thalassaemia, Marfan syndrome, Huntington's disease, and sickle cell can shorten one's life. Because these conditions are highly likely to be passed down to offspring. 

It is better to schedule a checkup before getting married and prevent trouble to avoid something like this from happening. 

4. Aids In Family Planning And Child Health Management

Premarital screening provides detailed information about each individual's fertility. It also assists them in comprehending their Rh factor. The Rh factor of the couple should be the same for a successful pregnancy; otherwise, the child may be at risk. 

For a healthy pregnancy and family planning, your food intake and daily diet should also be on point, and these are some precautions you can take from your side.

These issues must be addressed foremost because they are critical for family planning and health management.

A wedding lasts for a day, but a marriage lasts forever!

Get your medical checkup done and save yourself and your partner from a catastrophic future.

A premarital examination assists the couple in identifying any conditions such as genetic, transmissible, or infectious diseases. Because a couple's marriage is the most important event in their lives, they should also take care of their health.

A good premarital testing programme informs and provides unbiased health evidence to couples. Family history, genetics, age, diet, and addictions all contribute to creating a future map. It will also help you understand your family's health history and take necessary precautions or treatments.


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