Sleep Better: Everything You Need To Know About Sleep

Health

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Published on: 29-Apr-2023

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Shubhi Sidnis

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Sleep Better: Everything You Need To Know About Sleep

Sleep Better: Everything You Need To Know About Sleep

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To Sleep better is a natural state of rest for the body and mind. During sleep, the body's functions slow down, allowing it to rest, repair, and restore itself. Unfortunately, not getting enough sleep can lead to several medical conditions

There are multiple stages of sleep, each with its own characteristics. During the first stage, the body relaxes, and the brain waves slow down. In the second stage, the body's temperature drops, and the heart rate slows. In the third and fourth stages, the brain waves become even slower, making it harder to wake up. During sleep, the body also goes through a cycle of Rapid Eye Movement (REM) and Non-Rapid Eye Movement (NREM) sleep. REM sleep is characterised by rapid eye movements, increased brain activity, and vivid dreams. NREM sleep is a deeper sleep stage where the body's functions slow down even further.

It is suggested that adults aim for 7-9 hours of sleep each night. However, individual needs may vary. Maintaining good sleep hygiene, such as being consistent with a sleep schedule, avoiding screens before bedtime, and creating a comfortable and cosy sleep environment, can help improve sleep quality.

Table Of Content

1. The Importance Of Sleep: Why You Need To Sleep Better?

2. Why Technology Is Keeping You From Sleeping Better

3. The Effects Of Stress On Your Sleep

4. Tips For Sleeping Better Tonight

5. Dietitian’s Recommendation

6. The Final Say

7. FAQs

The Importance Of Sleep: Why You Need To Sleep Better?

Importance of sleep

To sleep better is crucial for overall health and well-being. Here are some reasons why:

1. Physical Health

Sleep plays a vital role in physical health. During sleep, the body reforms and regenerates tissues, forms bones and muscles, and strengthens the immune system. Conversely, lack of sleep can cause various health issues, such as obesity, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and a weakened immune system.

2. Mental Health

Sleep is also vital for good mental health. It can improve mood, reduce stress and anxiety, and enhance cognitive function, including memory, attention, and decision-making.

3. Productivity

How you sleep better is associated with increased productivity and performance. It can help improve concentration, creativity, and problem-solving skills.

4. Safety

Lack of sleep can impair judgement, reaction time, and coordination, increasing the risk of injuries and accidents.

5. Quality Of Life

Adequate sleep is crucial for maintaining a good quality of life. It can improve relationships, reduce irritability, and increase happiness and well-being.

6. Longevity

Studies have shown that individuals who regularly get enough sleep have a lower risk of premature death.

In summary, to sleep better is a vital component of a healthy lifestyle. It is vital for physical and mental health, productivity, safety, quality of life, and longevity. Therefore, it is crucial to prioritise good sleep habits and make sleep a priority in our daily lives.

Why Technology Is Keeping You From Sleeping Better?

While technology has made our lives more convenient and connected, it can also disrupt our sleep and prevent us from getting a good night's rest. Here are some ways that technology may be keeping you from sleeping better:

1. Blue Light 

Exposure to blue light from electronic devices such as tablets, smartphones, and laptops can interfere with melatonin production. This hormone helps with falling asleep. However, this can disrupt the body's natural sleep-wake cycle, making falling and staying asleep harder.

2. Overstimulation

The constant stimulation from technology, including notifications, alerts, and social media, can cause mental arousal and make it harder to wind down and relax before bed.

3. Sleep Disruptions

Technology can also disrupt deep sleep by causing interruptions such as phone calls, text messages, or emails. These disruptions can disrupt the sleep cycle and prevent deep, restorative sleep.

4. Addiction

Technology addiction can also lead to a decrease in sleep quality. Individuals addicted to technology may stay up late to engage in social media, gaming, or other activities, leading to inadequate sleep.

5. Increased Stress

Technology can also increase stress levels, which can interfere with sleep. Social media and news feeds can lead to anxiety and worry, making it harder to relax and fall asleep.

To sleep better, limiting technology use before bedtime is important. Experts recommend avoiding technology use for at least an hour before bedtime, creating a relaxing bedtime routine, and keeping electronic devices out of the bedroom. Additionally, using blue light filters, reducing screen brightness, and turning off notifications can also help mitigate the effects of technology on sleep and help you sleep better.

The Effects Of Stress On Your Sleep

Stress can significantly impact your ability to sleep better. When you experience stress, your body releases hormones such as cortisol and adrenaline, making it difficult to fall asleep and stay asleep. Here are some of the ways that stress can affect your sleep:

1. Insomnia 

Stress can cause insomnia, which is the inability to fall or stay asleep. As a result, you may lie in bed for hours, unable to quiet your mind or relax enough to sleep.

2. Nightmares

Stress can also cause nightmares, waking you up in the middle of the night and making it difficult to fall back asleep.

3. Sleep Apnea 

Stress can worsen sleep apnea, which is a condition where you stop breathing briefly while sleeping. This can cause you to wake up multiple times at night, leaving you tired and groggy in the morning.

4. Restless Leg Syndrome 

Stress can trigger restless leg syndrome, a condition where you feel the urge to move your legs while trying to sleep. This can make it more difficult for you to sleep better or even fall asleep.

5. Poor Sleep Quality

Even if you manage to fall asleep, stress can cause you to sleep poorly. You may wake up frequently during the night, or you may wake up feeling tired and unrefreshed in the morning.

6. Reduced Sleep Duration

Stress can also reduce the amount of time you spend asleep. You may wake up earlier than you want or struggle to fall asleep after waking up at night.

In the end, stress can have a significant impact on your sleep. So if you are experiencing stress and having trouble sleeping, it is important to take steps to manage your stress levels.  

Tips For Sleeping Better Tonight

If you are having problems sleeping, there are various things you can do to improve the quality and quantity of your sleep. Here are some tips for sleeping better tonight:

1. Stick To A Sleep Schedule

Try to sleep better and wake up simultaneously every day, even on weekends. This can help your body's natural sleep-wake cycle to regulate and enhance the quality of your sleep.

2. Create A Relaxing Bedtime Routine

Establishing a relaxing bedtime routine will help you unwind and prepare for sleep. This might involve taking a warm bath, reading a book, or listening to soothing music.

3. Make Your Bedroom Conducive To Sleep 

Create a sleep-friendly environment in your bedroom. This may include keeping your bedroom dark, cool, and quiet and investing in comfortable pillows and mattresses.

4. Limit Caffeine And Alcohol

Avoid alcohol and caffeine before bed, as they can mess up your ability to fall asleep and stay asleep.

5. Avoid Screens Before Bedtime 

The blue light released by electronic devices such as tablets, smartphones, and laptops can disrupt your body's natural sleep-wake cycle. Try to avoid using these sleep-quality devices for at least an hour before bed.

6. Get Regular Exercise

Regular exercise improves the quality of your sleep and keeps you away from sleep deprivation. However, try to avoid exercising before bedtime, as it can make falling asleep harder.  

7. Manage Stress

Stress can mess up your ability to fall asleep and stay asleep. You can also try yoga for stress and anxiety relief and other stress-relieving techniques like breathing exercises, meditation etc.

8. Avoid Large Meals Before Bed

Eating a heavy meal just before bedtime can interfere with your sleep. Try to eat dinner for at least two to three hours before going to bed.

In conclusion, these tips can help you improve your sleep quality and wake up feeling more rested and refreshed. However, if you continue to have difficulty sleeping, talking to a healthcare professional to rule out any underlying sleep disorders or medical conditions may be a good idea.

Dietitian’s Recommendation

As a dietitian, I recommend several foods and nutrients that promote better sleep. One of the most important is tryptophan, an amino acid that helps the body to generate serotonin and melatonin, two hormones that regulate sleep. Foods rich in tryptophan include turkey, chicken, cheese, tofu, nuts, and seeds. Magnesium is another nutrient that can promote better sleep, as it helps relax the muscles and calm the nervous system. Good sources of magnesium involve leafy green vegetables, whole grains, nuts, and seeds. Other foods that can encourage you to sleep better include complex carbohydrates such as whole-grain bread, oatmeal, and brown rice, as they can help increase the production of serotonin. Additionally, drinking chamomile tea before bed is a relaxation technique which improves sleep quality and helps you sleep better. A balanced diet with these foods and nutrients can help promote better sleep and improve overall health and well-being.

-Dietitian Aditi Upadhyay

The Final Say

Getting enough high-quality sleep is essential for optimal health and well-being. Poor sleep can harm physical and mental health, affecting everything from mood and concentration to immune function and heart health. By following healthy sleep habits, such as sticking to a regular sleep schedule, creating a relaxing bedtime routine, and making the bedroom conducive to sleep, you can see a change in the quality and quantity of your sleep. Additionally, eating a balanced and varied diet that includes foods and nutrients that promote better sleep, such as tryptophan, magnesium, and complex carbohydrates, can further support healthy sleep patterns. If you continue to have difficulty sleeping, talking to a healthcare professional to rule out any underlying sleep disorders or medical conditions may be a good idea. By prioritising good sleep hygiene and making healthy lifestyle choices, you can get the restful sleep you need to feel your best.

FAQs

1. Why is it important to get enough sleep? 

To sleep better is essential for optimal health and well-being. It helps improve memory and concentration, boost mood, reduce inflammation, and support immune function. Moreover, lack of sleep has increased the risk of chronic medical conditions such as health diseases, obesity, and diabetes.

2. How many hours of sleep do I need each night? 

How you sleep better can vary depending on age, lifestyle, and overall health. Generally, most adults need between 7 to 9 hours of sleep every night, while children and teenagers need more.

3. What can I do to improve the quality of my sleep? 

There are various things you can do to improve the quality of your sleep, including sticking to a regular sleep schedule, making the bedroom conducive to sleep, creating a relaxing bedtime routine, avoiding screens before bedtime, getting regular exercise, managing stress, and eating a balanced and varied diet.

5. What foods can promote better sleep? 

Foods and nutrients that promote to sleep better include tryptophan-rich foods such as turkey, chicken, cheese, tofu, nuts, and seeds. Magnesium-rich foods include leafy green vegetables, whole grains, nuts, and seeds, and complex carbohydrates include whole-grain bread, oatmeal, and brown rice.

6. What should I do if I continue to have difficulty sleeping? 

If you have difficulty sleeping and there is some issue not letting you sleep better, consulting a healthcare professional will rule out any underlying sleep disorders or medical conditions. Instead, they may recommend lifestyle changes, cognitive-behavioural therapy, or medication to help improve your sleep.

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