A Guide To Healthy Diet During Pregnancy: Foods To Eat & Avoid



Published on: 10-Aug-2022


10 min read


Updated on : 03-Jan-2024






A Guide To Healthy Diet During Pregnancy: Foods To Eat & Avoid

A Guide To Healthy Diet During Pregnancy: Foods To Eat & Avoid

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After discovering that you are pregnant, the pregnancy journey sparks numerous questions for you, from “What is a good diet during pregnancy?” to “How can I eat healthily for myself and my growing baby?”. In exploring the best diet for pregnant women, this blog will explore the food choices for a healthy diet during pregnancy, contributing to the well-being of mom and baby.

Maintaining a balanced and nutritious diet during pregnancy is crucial for the mother's health and significantly influences the baby's development. Plus, after the World Health Organisation (WHO) revealed that insufficient nutrition during this critical period can lead to adverse outcomes, impacting 800,000 newborns annually, it must be prevented by eating a healthy diet during pregnancy.

The importance of a healthy diet during pregnancy goes beyond preventing deficiencies; it plays a pivotal role in reducing the risk of complications such as preterm birth and low birth weight.

So, let us discuss during pregnancy healthy diet recommendations and delicious healthy food for pregnant ladies that form the fabric of a nourishing and wholesome healthy to eat during pregnancy for expectant mothers, encompassing a healthy diet during pregnancy and emphasising what's healthy to eat during pregnancy.

Table Of Contents

1. What Is Healthy Eating During Pregnancy?

2. What Is The Best Diet For Pregnant Women?

3. Top 7 Best Fruits To Eat During Pregnancy

4. Which Food To Avoid In Pregnancy?

5. Healthy Diet During Pregnancy Chart

6. The Final Say

7. FAQs

8. References

What Is Healthy Eating During Pregnancy?

Prioritising balanced meals, including veggies, herbs, and lean protein from various sources, actually ensures your baby's well-being with a healthy diet during pregnancy, as a significant percentage of pregnant women in the United States fall short of recommended fruit and vegetable intake as per the CDC data.

Also, increase daily calorie intake by 300-500 calories for a healthy diet during pregnancy by focusing on foods rich in folic acid, iron content, sources of calcium, plus essential omega-3 fatty acids, ensuring your baby’s developing phase lacks nothing. Additionally, staying hydrated and consuming regular, small meals can help manage energy levels and alleviate common pregnancy discomforts.

Consulting with your healthcare provider is crucial to tailor a healthy eating plan that meets your specific nutritional needs during this critical time.

Also Read: Nutrition Week Day 3: Nutrition For Pregnant Women 

What Is The Best Diet For Pregnant Women?

Here’s a sample prenatal nutrition plan for a balanced diet in pregnancy for reference:

Meal Category

Nutrient Focus

Sample Foods


Folate and Iron: Essential for foetal development and preventing anaemia.

Poha (flattened rice) with vegetables and peanuts, served with a glass of fresh orange juice.

Mid-Morning Snack

Protein and Calcium: Supports baby's growth and bone development.

Masala chaas (spiced buttermilk) with a handful of roasted chana (chickpeas).


Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Protein: Important for brain and vision development.

Tandoori chicken salad with mixed greens, lentils, and mint chutney.

Afternoon Snack

Fibre and Vitamin C: Aids digestion and helps the body absorb iron.

Kachumber salad with cucumber, tomatoes, and onions sprinkled with chaat masala.


Calcium and Magnesium: Supports bone health and muscle function.

Paneer (cottage cheese) tikka with sautéed spinach and sweet potato, served with roti.

Evening Snack

Healthy Fats and Protein: Supports the baby's brain development.

Almond and date smoothie or a bowl of unsweetened coconut and jaggery ladoos.

Top 7 Best Fruits To Eat During Pregnancy 

Fruit cravings are something almost all pregnant ladies experience. Surely, the question: “Which fruit is best for pregnancy?” must be in your mind! Here are 8 fruits that are particularly beneficial for pregnant women:

1. Bananas

These are a convenient and delicious addition to your healthy diet during pregnancy. Packed with potassium, bananas can help maintain proper blood pressure levels and support your overall cardiovascular health.

Snack on a banana between meals to curb cravings and ensure a steady energy supply throughout the day. The natural sugars in bananas provide a quick pick-me-up without compromising your commitment to a nutritious pregnancy diet.

2. Oranges

Bursting with vitamin C, oranges are a refreshing choice that aids in collagen formation. This supports your skin's elasticity and contributes to a healthy immune system, ensuring you stay strong throughout your pregnancy.

Start your day with a glass of freshly squeezed orange juice to boost vitamin C and hydration. The citrusy flavour adds a zing to your morning routine while enhancing the overall nutritional content of your diet.

3. Guava

Rich in dietary fibre and vitamin C, guava is an excellent choice for promoting digestive health and boosting your immune system. Including guava in your diet contributes to an overall balanced and healthy pregnancy.

For a delightful and nutritious twist, experiment with guava by incorporating it into smoothies or fruit salads. The combination of flavours and textures makes it an enjoyable addition to your daily meals.

Also Read: Red Guava Fruit: Here Is What You Must Know 

4. Papaya

Known for its digestive enzymes, papaya can be a tasty solution to digestive discomfort during pregnancy. It is also a good source of vitamins A and C, supporting your vision and immune system.

Dice papaya and mix it with other fruits for a colourful and nutritious fruit salad. The variety of textures and flavours satisfies your taste buds and ensures you receive a spectrum of essential nutrients.

5. Cantaloupe

With its high water content and rich vitamins A and C, cantaloupe is a hydrating option that contributes to skin health. Keeping well-hydrated is essential for both you and your baby's well-being.

Blend cantaloupe with yoghurt and ice for a refreshing smoothie that not only quenches your thirst but also provides a cooling sensation, especially beneficial during the warmer months of your pregnancy.

6. Pears

Packed with fibre, pears can be a satisfying snack that helps prevent constipation, a common concern during pregnancy. Including pears in your diet supports your digestive system and promotes overall comfort.

Spread a layer of almond butter on pear slices for a delicious and nutritious snack. Combining fibre and healthy fats keeps you satiated while offering a delightful flavour pairing.

7. Kiwi

Small but mighty, kiwi is loaded with vitamins C and K, supporting your immune system and bone health. Enjoy this vibrant fruit as a tasty addition to your meals, adding a nutritional boost to your healthy pregnancy diet.

Create a refreshing fruit salsa with diced kiwi, strawberries, and mint to serve as a flavorful topping for yoghurt or whole-grain pancakes. The burst of colours and flavours enhances your meals' visual appeal and nutritional content.

Also Read: Should You Eat Plums During Pregnancy? Benefits, Considerations And Types 

Which Food To Avoid In Pregnancy?

During pregnancy, it is important to be cautious about certain foods to minimise the risk of foodborne illnesses or potential harm to the developing baby. Here is a list of 5 foods to avoid during pregnancy:

1. Unpasteurized Dairy Products

Opt for pasteurised dairy products to eliminate the risk of harmful bacteria such as Listeria. Incorporate pasteurised milk, cheese, and yoghurt into your diet to ensure a safe and healthy source of nutrients like calcium and protein.

Explore various pasteurised dairy options, such as Greek yoghurt or fortified plant-based alternatives, to add diversity to your diet while meeting your nutritional needs.

2. Excessive Caffeine

While a moderate amount of caffeine is generally considered safe, excessive intake can pose risks during pregnancy. Choose decaffeinated or herbal teas to enjoy a warm beverage without compromising your commitment to a healthy pregnancy diet.

Experiment with caffeine-free alternatives like chamomile or peppermint tea for a soothing and enjoyable drink that complements your healthy lifestyle.

3. Raw Or Undercooked Seafood

Consuming raw or undercooked seafood increases the risk of exposure to harmful bacteria and parasites. Opt for fully cooked seafood options to enjoy the benefits of essential omega-3 fatty acids without compromising your baby's safety.

Consider incorporating cooked fish like salmon into your diet for a healthy dose of omega-3s. Explore various cooking methods, such as baking or grilling, to enhance the flavours and textures of your seafood dishes while ensuring safety.

4. High-Sugar And Processed Foods

While pregnancy cravings are natural, it's essential to avoid excessive consumption of high-sugar and processed foods. Opt for whole, nutrient-dense foods to provide essential vitamins and minerals for you and your baby.

This ensures a balanced and healthy diet during pregnancy, supporting optimal development. Swap sugary snacks with naturally sweet options like fresh fruit to satisfy your sweet tooth while nourishing your body with essential nutrients.

5. Excessive Salt

High salt intake can contribute to fluid retention and increased blood pressure, potentially posing risks during pregnancy. Be mindful of your salt consumption by choosing fresh herbs and spices to flavour your meals.

This small adjustment contributes to a healthier diet, promoting overall well-being during pregnancy. Experiment with different herbs like basil, cilantro, or rosemary to enhance the taste of your meals, making them both delicious and nutritious.

Healthy Diet During Pregnancy Chart

Note the given essential food groups for a healthy diet during pregnancy to not miss out on any nutritional requirements:

Food Group

Nutrient Benefits

Recommended Sources

Fruits and Vegetables

Rich in vitamins, minerals, and fibre. Essential for foetal development and overall health.

Berries, citrus fruits, leafy greens, carrots, broccoli, and sweet potatoes.


Crucial for developing the baby's organs, muscles, and tissues. Supports the mother's increased blood volume.

Lean meats, fish, beans, lentils, nuts, and tofu.

Whole Grains

Provide complex carbohydrates, fibre, and essential nutrients. Help maintain steady energy levels.

Brown rice, quinoa, whole wheat bread, oats, and barley.

Dairy Products

Rich in calcium and vitamin D, vital for the baby's bone development and the mother's bone health.

Milk, yoghurt, cheese, and fortified plant-based milk alternatives.

Healthy Fats

Essential for the baby's brain and nervous system development. Supports overall maternal health.

Avocado, nuts, seeds, olive oil, and fatty fish like salmon.

The Final Say

Awareness of these food choices and making informed decisions will contribute to a healthy diet during pregnancy. So, understanding the nuances of a healthy diet during pregnancy is not just about nourishing yourself but also about nurturing the optimal development of your little one.

Your journey through this transformative period can be fortified by incorporating the best diet for pregnant women. Your choices matter as a healthy diet during pregnancy transcends mere prevention of deficiencies, ensuring a smoother pregnancy journey.

So, remember, it is not just about eating for one but embracing a lifestyle that harmonises the health of you and your baby, illustrating that the true essence of a healthy diet during pregnancy lies in the symbiotic well-being of you and your little one.


1. What are the essential foods to eat during pregnancy for a healthy baby?

Eating a variety of things, including lean meats with leafy vegetables and especially whole grains, is essential for the mother's baby. Include foods high in folate, iron and calcium to help your baby grow. Eat well during pregnancy for good nutrition.

2. How can I maintain a balanced diet during pregnancy?

In pregnancy, eat a variety of foods rich in nutrients. This will ensure your diet is well-balanced. Eat fruits, vegetables, lean proteins and whole grains when planning your meals. Select portion control and keep hydrated to help you and your baby's health.

3. Can you provide a diet plan for pregnant women?

A pregnant woman's diet should contain a variety of micronutrients, as well as micronutrients. Include foods like fish, dairy products, nuts and leaf vegetables. Ask your doctor to develop a diet tailored to the needs of pregnant women for you.

4. What are some healthy foods for pregnant ladies?

Good foods for pregnant women include both protein sources (chicken, beans), dairy containing calcium and iron-rich options like spinach and lean meats. Always be sure to have a diet rich in whole grains, colourful fruits and vegetables for your health during pregnancy.

5. Why is it important to eat a healthy diet during pregnancy?

During pregnancy, it is necessary to have a healthy diet so that you can supply your baby with all the nutrients he or she needs for growth and maturity. A well-balanced diet prevents nutritional deficiencies and is important for a healthy pregnancy. Eating a healthy diet during pregnancy protects your health and that of the baby.


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