Is Papaya Beneficial For Diabetes?



Published on: 04-Mar-2023


10 min read


Updated on : 02-Nov-2023




Harsimran Kaur


Is Papaya Beneficial For Diabetes?

Is Papaya Beneficial For Diabetes?

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You might have heard, "An apple a day keeps the doctor away," but this is also true with papaya due to its several health benefits.

Many people like papaya or papaw for its health advantages. It is a rare tropical fruit with various benefits, native to Mexico and the northern portion of South America. It is also grown and farmed in Florida, Texas, California, and other eastern tropical and subtropical regions, like India and Sri Lanka. 

Most people prefer eating this fruit for breakfast due to its therapeutic benefits. This fruit has a variety of vitamins and minerals that benefits many medical conditions, from aiding digestion to treating diabetes. However, many people believe that sweet fruits are off-limits if they have diabetes, but the miraculous benefits of papaya for diabetes keep it out of that list. 

As you continue reading this post, you will learn how papaya is high in vitamins and minerals and benefits the body from diabetes. So, let us get going!

Table Of Contents

1. Nutritional Value Of Papaya

2. Is Papaya Beneficial For Diabetes?

3. Benefits Of Papaya For Diabetes

4. Other Health Benefits Of Papaya

5. Diatetian’s Recommendations

6. The Final Say

7. FAQs

Nutritional Value And Glycemic Index Of Papaya

A fruit's glycemic index (GI) affects how quickly it raises blood glucose levels in your body. Diabetic people can eat low-to-medium GI fruits and undoubtedly have papaya because its GI is 60. 

In 100 g of papaya, you will find the following nutrients:

  • Calories- 32 kcal
  • Protein- 0.6 grams
  • Fat- 0.1 grams
  • Fibre- 2.6 grams
  • Carbs- 7.2 grams

Papaya is a must for sugar patients because it is rich in potassium, calcium, magnesium, and vitamins (C, A, K, B1, B3, B5, and folate).

Is Papaya Beneficial For Diabetes?

Diabetes or diabetes mellitus is a medical disorder in which the body's beta-pancreatic cells generate very little or no insulin. During the condition, one's body might also fail to respond efficiently to insulin production. 

In a healthy individual, the pancreas secretes insulin to help the body retain and utilise the extra sugar and fat absorbed from the diet. As diabetes patients have excessive blood sugar levels due to pancreatic cell failure, they must treat it with additional efforts, including frequent exercise and a well-balanced nutritional diet.

Though diabetic patients typically have strict limitations on sweet and sugary products and adherence to some diets, a small amount of papaya can help reduce sudden spikes in blood sugar levels. They can take one cup of papaya per day, which will also help them in detoxification

Furthermore, papaya has a moderate glycemic index of 60 and significant amounts of dietary fibre, both of which aid in slowing down the absorption of sugar in the body, lowering diabetic symptoms. As a result, doctors recommend eating papaya during lunch or in the evening snack for sugar patients who should avoid eating it at night.

The fruit is also known to manage diabetes by supplying nutrients while efficiently regulating it. Here, the patients can add fresh, cooked, or frozen papaya to fruit salads, mix it into juices and smoothies, or turn it into papaya sicles. 

As papaw is a delicious fruit with a pack of antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals, it also contains enzymes that aid digestion. All these elements combine to make papaya a superfood that boosts immunity, assists in weight loss, and avoids various chronic ailments.

According to research published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology, papaya leaves can also help manage diabetes. They include chemicals such as papain and chymopapain that reduce blood sugar levels by boosting insulin sensitivity. They also aid in the improvement of lipid metabolism.

The Benefits Of Papaya For Diabetes

As papaya has a low sugar level, it can be associated with diabetes. It offers the following benefits to diabetic patients:

  • The high fibre content of papaya helps to lower blood sugar levels.
  • Its natural antioxidants make it an excellent choice for diabetic patients.
  • The flavonoids found in papaya can assist in naturally reducing diabetes.

Other Health Benefits Of Papaya

Health Benefits Of Papaya

Papaya is a nutritious fruit that comes with several health benefits, some of which are:

1. Preventing Cancer

The antioxidant beta-carotene present in papaya may lower the risk of cancer. In addition, a beta-carotene-rich diet may protect against prostate cancer in younger men.

2. Improving Digestion 

This yellow-coloured fruit includes papain, an enzyme that aids digestion. Papaya also helps to tenderise meat. In addition, it is abundant in fibre and water, which treats constipation and promotes regularity and a healthy digestive tract.

3. Enhancing Immune System 

As papaya is high in vitamin C, it can help improve the immune system and protect the body from diverse ailments and infections.

4. Lowering Blood Sugar Levels 

In type 2 diabetes patients, papaya can help decrease blood sugar levels. According to research, papaya has a hypoglycemic impact on the body, which lowers blood sugar levels.

5. Reducing Inflammation

Due to the presence of the enzyme papain, papaya may work as a natural pain reliever. This enzyme stimulates the body's synthesis of cytokines, a kind of protein that aids in the regulation of inflammation. Papaya can also help with pain from arthritis and other diseases.

6. Lowering Alzheimer's Disease Risk  

However, exploring the potential effects of papaya is yet to be done, 

according to some research, fermented extracts of papaya powder might counteract the effects of aerophilous stress in Alzheimer's patients and prevent the condition from advancing.

Dietitian’s Recommendations

Though papaya is a beneficial fruit for diabetes, its excessive consumption can raise blood glucose levels. In addition, because this fruit has a laxative effect, unnecessary consumption can result in diarrhoea. 

Diabetics patients can eat papaya as a ripe fruit or in fruit salads. They can also include the fruit in juices or smoothies. It will help them get all the vital nutrients from the fruit while controlling their diabetes.

                                                                                               - Dietitian Lavina Chauhan 

The Final Say

In conclusion, papaya is a beneficial fruit rich in vital nutrients. Moreover, it has miraculous health advantages and can be effortlessly added to the diet to satisfy a diabetic's cravings for sweets while controlling their blood sugar levels.


1. How to use papaya leaves for diabetes?

Papaya leaves are highly beneficial in lowering blood sugar levels but avoid eating them raw. You can make juice from papaya leaves at home and consume it in the morning for diabetes

2. Can papaya leave cure diabetes?

Studies have shown that papaya leaves can also reduce blood glucose levels. This is because the antioxidants in papaya leaf juice protect the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas from damage and balance the glucose level.

3. Is papaya beneficial for Type 2 Diabetes patients?

Papaya is beneficial for type 2 diabetes patients because of its moderate sugar level. In addition, it is a miraculous fruit rich in flavonoids and other antioxidants, which help to keep the sugar level in check naturally.

4. How much papaya can a diabetic patient eat?

Doctors and nutritionists advise diabetic patients to limit their daily intake of papaya to one cup per day. Though it is low in calories, the fruit contains a fair amount of organic sugars, and one should not consume it in excessive quantities.

5. Who should not eat papaya?

Unripe papaya is possibly unsafe when taken during pregnancy. There is some evidence that unprocessed papain, a chemical found in unripe papaya fruit, might poison the foetus or cause congenital disabilities.

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