Low-Carb Diet For Diabetes: Best Vegetarian Low Carb Diet Plans

Medical Condition


Published on: 28-Jun-2022


10 min read


Updated on : 07-Dec-2023




Anushka Tripathi


Low-Carb Diet For Diabetes: Best Vegetarian Low Carb Diet Plans

Low-Carb Diet For Diabetes: Best Vegetarian Low Carb Diet Plans

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Welcome, readers! The World Health Organisation (WHO) has declared diabetes as a pandemic of unprecedented magnitude, with a considerable number of the world’s population afflicted with this chronic metabolic disorder. The main cause of this is an unhealthy diet and lifestyle. 

Linked to hundreds of ailments, diabetes is spreading alarmingly, and now it’s time for a wake-up call to take preventive measures. The International Diabetes Federation estimated that around 537 million adults (20-79 years) live with diabetes. This number is expected to rise to 643 million by 2030 and 783 million by 2045.

Understand that diabetes is preventable together with manageability, which is achievable through a change of eating habits like the introduction of reduced carbohydrates or a combination diet for healthier living. A low-carb diet is like a magic wand for any diabetic patient who wants to manage their insulin, shed extra pounds, and enjoy numerous health benefits. For those interested in a low-carb diet plan, read on!

Table Of Contents

  1. What Is A Low-Carb Diet?

  2. Why Should A Diabetic Follow A Low-Carb Diet?

  3. Low-Carb Diet Plan For Vegetarians

  4. How To Start A Low-Carb Diet For Diabetes?

  5. What To Avoid On A Low-Carb Diet For Diabetes?

  6. Other Health Benefits Of A Low-Carb Diet

  7. What Should Be Eaten In A Low-Carb Diet?

  8. The Final Say

  9. FAQ

  10. References

What Is A Low-Carb Diet?

Low-carb diets reduce carbohydrate intake, stressing proteins and lipids that are easily digestible for an individual to follow. Cutting down on carbs helps in reducing blood sugar levels, losing weight, and preventing diabetes.

A low carbohydrate diet excludes or lowers sugary and starch items such as bread, sodas, pasta, candies, and so on. This aims at reducing insulin levels within the body as well as helping in the shedding of excess pounds. Cutting down on carbs triggers the body to enter a state of ketosis, where the body uses up fats rather than glucose from the carbs. 

This is usually why low-carb diets involve lean proteins, leafy vegetables, nuts, and healthy fats, thus providing many good options. Studies revealed that these kinds of diet systems could aid in regulating blood glucose levels, weight reduction, and overall improvement in metabolic well-being.

But to begin with a low-carb diet plan for your medical condition, you must first consult a dietician and healthcare specialist. Now, let’s understand the details of a low-carb diet for diabetes. 

Also Read: What Is Carb Cycling Diet, And How Does It Work?

Why Should A Diabetic Follow A Low-Carb Diet?

Many positive sides can be listed for people with diabetes who adhere to a low-carbohydrate diet. This diet is useful for reducing and controlling blood sugar in cases of Type 1 as well as Type 2 diabetes. However, where carbohydrate intake is reduced, the body will convert these carbohydrates into ketones, which act as an alternative fuel for bodily energy, hence saving the pancreas from excreting too much insulin.

It was also proved that such a diet makes one succeed in reducing the weight hence controlling blood sugar levels and general wellness among diabetic people. Additionally, the inclusion of low-carbohydrates may prevent complications of diabetes such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetic retinopathy, renal failure (nephropathy), and peripheral nerve disorder, among others.

The report on Nutrition and Metabolism had a review that showed low carbohydrate diets in type 2 diabetes patients had improved glucose control and weight reduction along with fewer complications in 2018. In Diabetes Care, an additional study determined that a low-carb diet may be employed to treat type 1 and 2 diabetes, having benefits of blood glucose regulation, weight loss and cardioprotection.

1. Connection Between Low-Carb Diet And Diabetes

Low carbohydrate diet forms the base of diabetic management. It lowers blood sugar, making it effective and recommended by healthcare experts. This regime helps reduce stress on the pancreas.

The body uses ketones produced from fats in the liver as a form of energy when there is a lack of carbs. Besides, there is believed to be diminished insulin hormone, which leads to weight loss and improvement of cardiometabolic performance.

2. Effect On Insulin Levels

It also lowers insulin and blood sugar concentration in people diagnosed with diabetes. Diabetics with low-carbohydrates can cut their insulin level by half as of day one. Studies indicate that out of 95%, those who had followed the keto diet for six months reduced their medicines for type 2 diabetes.

Low-Carb Diet Plan For Vegetarians

There are so many options available for a low-carb vegetarian diet for Indians that would provide energy and manage diabetes. 

Here, go through these suggested options, which are purely low-carb vegetarian Indian diet plans:

Option 1

          Early morning

Warm ginger water with chia seeds


2 slices of avocado and tomato toast


1 glass buttermilk


1 roti with chole sabji and curd


1 teaspoon of flax seeds

Evening Snacks

1 cup of green tea


1 big bowl of quinoa salad

Option 2

        Early morning

  Warm ginger water with chia seeds


  1 bowl of chia seed pudding


  1 glass of buttermilk


  1 bowl of quinoa salad with chickpeas and vegetables 


  1 cup black coffee

Evening Snacks

  1 small katori roasted chana


1 big bowl of lentil soup with sauteed


Option 3

        Early morning

Warm ginger water with chia seeds


1 brown bread with peanut butter


  1 glass of coconut water


  1 bowl of cauliflower fried rice with tofu


1 teaspoon of flax seeds

Evening Snacks

1 cup of green tea


1 bowl of lentils and vegetable soup 

How To Start A Low-Carb Diet For Diabetes?

For diabetic patients, it is vital to know the low-carb diet benefits, procedures, and food options to stay consistent and understand what their body wants to say while on a diet.

Other than that, the low-carb diet should start gradually by cutting down small amounts of carbs regularly or weekly. Drastic change can cause health troubles in diabetic patients. A slow and steady reduction in carbs is advised to get a proper hand on the diet.

What To Avoid On A Low-Carb Diet For Diabetes?

There are certain habits you must avoid before beginning your low-carb diet plan. To start with, you should watch out for the crucial issues that concern healthy fitness goals – including diabetes – because it gets more serious if you are using a low-carb diet. Here are some of the points mentioned that you must know:  

1. Try Not To Calculate The Carb Intake

It is better to understand the quality of the carbs instead of calculating the number because a low-carb diet has healthy fats and high protein, so the intake will be better.

2. Know All The Options Of Low-Carb Foods

Multiple options are available in the home and the market for a low-carb diet, so it is essential to know them before starting the diet for diabetic patients so that everything is transparent in eating it.

Also Read: Indian Snacks Recipes For Diabetes 

Other Health Benefits Of A Low-Carb Diet

A low-carb diet plan may have numerous benefits for a person who is willing to lose weight naturally without taking any supplements. Also, people suffering from diabetes can incorporate a low-carb diet to adopt a healthy lifestyle. 

Depending upon that, here are some of the crucial benefits of a low-carb diet:

1. Lowers Triglycerides 

Low-carb diets reduce triglycerides in many ways. The diet is aimed at limiting the intake of refined carbohydrates and attenuating postprandial hypertriglyceridemia so as to minimise substrate availability for the synthesis of new fats (de novo lipogenesis) in the liver. 

At the same time, the lower carbohydrate load moderates insulin response, creating a suitable environment for more fatty acid oxidation. 

Limiting fructose, a precursor for triglyceride synthesis, also contributes to reduced triglyceride synthesis by diminishing hepatic de novo lipogenesis. These metabolic adaptations highlight why people following a low-carb dietary regime have lower triglycerides.

Also Read: Triglycerides: Health Risks And Ways To Lower The Levels

2. Controls Appetite 

A low-carb, high-protein, and low-fat diet helps you suppress excessive appetite, resulting in less hunger, and eventually, you can see weight loss. 

3. Boosts HDL Cholesterol

A diet containing healthy fats and low carbs tends to increase the good cholesterol in the body, and people prefer to follow low-carb diets to improve their HDL levels.

4. Checks Metabolism 

Food items with rich carbs or carbohydrates slow the body's metabolism rate. This may result in many health-related issues like diabetes and high blood pressure. Also, a  low-carb diet plan may help you keep your metabolism in check and improve your overall health.

What Should Be Eaten In A Low-Carb Diet?

Below are some of the nutritious foods mentioned that can suit your body. You can add these to your low-carb diet plan to stay healthy and fit naturally:

  • Oatmeal

  • Quinoa

  • Hemp seeds

  • Peanut butter

  • Vegetables

  • Sweet potatoes

  • Plums

  • Watermelon

  • Muskmelon

  • Citrus fruits

  • Paneer

  • Yoghurt

  • Broccoli

  • Onions

  • Tomatoes

  • Pulses and legumes

Also Read: Top 10 Foods That Help To Manage Diabetes 

The Final Say

You must have understood that a low-carb diet has a notable effect on insulin levels. Following a low-carb diet for diabetes can be an effective management strategy to regulate blood sugar levels and improve your overall lifestyle. 

You can follow the suggested meal plan low carb diets for hyperlipidemia and diabetes. Remember that for an adult, only 50 grams of carbohydrates are required for daily consumption. 

Low-carb diet foods force your body to undergo ketosis, where the fat stored in the body can be used as energy, resulting in a healthy body weight. However, it is vital to consult and take suggestions from a health expert to get into a low-carb diet plan. You can visit ToneOp to know more.  


1. Does a low-carb diet only benefit people with diabetes, or can anyone follow it?

A low-carb diet benefits any individual in good health or even with diabetes. However, consult a healthcare expert before starting a low-carb diet plan.

2. Can a low-carb diet be followed up for an extended period?

No, a low-carb diet should not be followed up for an extended period as there are a lot of side effects of a low-carb diet on your body. 

3. How are a low-carb diet and obesity connected?

A low-carb diet is meant to cause the body to burn stored fat for energy, which leads to weight loss.

4. Does Low Carb treat metabolic diseases?

It is said that people with metabolic diseases and type 2 diabetes do better on low-carb diets, and they typically lose weight, which drives bodily improvements. 

5. Does low-carbohydrate diets reduce Mental illnesses?

There is no claimed study regarding the association of a low-carb diet with reducing mental illness. 


About ToneOp

ToneOp is a platform dedicated to improving and maintaining good health through a comprehensive range of goal-oriented health plans with up to 3 Coach support. With a range of Weight Management, Medical Condition, Detox Plans, and Face Yoga Plans, the app also provides premium health trackers, recipes and health content. Get customised diet, fitness, naturopathy & yoga plans and transform yourself with ToneOp. 

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