Impact of Low-Carb Diet on Diabetes
Published on: 28-Jun-2022
10 min read
Updated on : 02-Nov-2023
Impact of Low-Carb Diet on Diabetes
Diabetes is a significant health issue and is linked to hundreds of ailments. A low-carb diet is that magic wand with which you will not only control your insulin but also lose weight and gain various health benefits.
Table of Contents
1. What is a Low-Carb Diet?
2. Low Carb Diet and Diabetes
3. Effect On Insulin Levels
4. Why Should a Diabetic Follow a Low-Carb Diet?
5. Impact of a Low-carb Diet on Other Diseases
5.1 Low-Carb Diet and Obesity
5.2 Low-Carb Die and Triglyceride Levels
5.3 Low-Carb and Metabolic Diseases
5.4 Low-Carbohydrate Diets and Mental Illnesses
6. The Final Say
What is a Low-Carb Diet?
As the name implies, a low-carbohydrate diet restricts the consumption of high-carbohydrate foods, including bread, spaghetti, biscuits, cake, sugar, and other items that fall into this category.
Dietitians and nutritionists recommend a low-carb diet for people who have diabetes, have a slow metabolism, are pre-diabetic, are obese, and want to reduce weight.
If you want to stay active and healthy all the time, you should replace these foods with spinach, cottage cheese, nuts, dried fruits, seeds, cauliflower, and other high-fiber, protein-rich foods in your diet.
For example, in a low-carb diet, chicken, eggs, fish, cheese, seeds, and nuts are high in protein and fat. Low-carbohydrate foods such as fibrous foods and vegetables should be incorporated instead of carbohydrates like rice, wheat, sugar, and bread.
Low Carb Diet and Diabetes
The backbone of diabetic management is a low-carbohydrate diet. It is effective in lowering blood sugar levels and is also suggested by health professionals.
The pancreas appears to be under less stress while following this diet. When no carbs are available in the body, the body uses ketones created by fat in the liver as an energy source. In addition, reduced insulin, the hormone that causes an anabolic, fat-storing state, is thought to cause weight loss and improve cardiometabolic performance.
Effect on Insulin Levels
For people with diabetes, it is a huge plus because it helps to lower insulin and blood sugar levels. People with diabetes on a low-carb diet may need to immediately reduce their insulin dose by more than half. According to studies, 95% of people with type 2 diabetes reduced their medication usage after following the keto diet for six months.
Why Should a Diabetic Follow a Low-Carb Diet?
Obesity and excessive fat deposition around specific body portions (stomach, thighs, hips) are common among people with diabetes. As a result, many other medical disorders, such as heart disease and stroke, can exacerbate the situation.
A body in good health will use carbs as a source of energy as insulin formed in the pancreas can get into cells and work for the other cell functions. In diabetes, however, these cells only allow a small amount of insulin to enter, causing sugar levels to rise gradually as glucose accumulates in the bloodstream.
A low-carb diet regulates blood glucose levels and promotes weight loss. It also supports the reduction of anti-diabetic medication dosages and enhances the patient's overall health.
Impact of a Low-carb Diet on Other Diseases
Low-Carb Diet and Obesity
A low-carbohydrate diet has been shown to improve some medical diseases such as diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and obesity in obese persons. According to nutritionists, low carb is generally suggested since it aids in weight loss and lowers triglyceride levels compared to low-fat and low-calorie diets.
Low-Carb Diet and Triglyceride Levels
Excess carbohydrate intake can be stored and turned into fat. Therefore, those who follow a high carbohydrate diet have increased triglyceride levels.
The risk of increased triglyceride levels is lower with a low-carbohydrate diet than with a high-carbohydrate diet.
Low Carb and Metabolic Diseases
Hormonally, the benefits have been shown in female weight gain/obesity or other metabolic problems. In addition, there has been an increase in the number of pregnancies, hormonal imbalances, and ovulation periods.
A standard low-carbohydrate diet contains 50-100 grams daily, whereas a maximum low-carbohydrate diet contains not more than 10% carbohydrates.
Low-Carbohydrate Diets and Mental illnesses
According to studies, such a diet benefits treating epilepsy (seizure disorder) in youngsters and is being explored further for its impact on other brain diseases such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's.
Because there aren't enough carbs in a low-carb diet, the body produces less glucose, making us feel low and depressed. When glucose isn't enough to provide energy to the brain, the body switches to proteins and fat from the liver as a source of energy to meet the need.
On the other hand, the brain is the only organ capable of burning glucose.
The Final Say
The Low carb or keto diets effectively decrease weight and excess fat in people with hyperlipidemia and diabetes. As no more than 50 grams of carbohydrates are consumed daily, the body can use the fat stored as energy, resulting in a healthy body weight. However, before beginning a low-carb diet, it is recommended to consult an expert for the best guidance.
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