Blood Pressure Chart Readings: What You Need To Know!

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Published on: 28-Dec-2023

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Lalita Vishwakarma

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Blood Pressure Chart Readings: What You Need To Know!

Blood Pressure Chart Readings: What You Need To Know!

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Do you know that high blood pressure is also known as a “silent killer”? In fact, a recent report published by the World Health Organisation showed that approximately 4 out of every 5 people are dealing with hypertension, and the number of people living with hypertension has just doubled between 1990 and 2023 and has reached from 650 million to 1.3 billion. 

Moreover, an estimated 46% of adults with hypertension are unaware that they have the condition. This common, deadly condition leads to stroke, heart attack, heart failure, kidney damage and many other health problems. 


Thus, it is very important to understand the basics of blood pressure and the meaning of its readings. To simplify this, here we will discuss the blood pressure chart readings by age and gender. We will also focus on the paediatric blood pressure chart along with the tips to manage healthy blood pressure. Continue reading to know!

Table Of Contents

  1. What Is Blood Pressure?

  2. Understanding The Blood Pressure Chart

  3. Blood Pressure Chart By Age And Gender

  4. Women's Low Blood Pressure Chart

  5. Paediatric Blood Pressure Chart By Age And Gender

  6. Why Does Blood Pressure Fluctuate?

  7. How To Maintain Healthy Blood Pressure?

  8. The Final Say

  9. FAQs

  10. References

What Is Blood Pressure?

Blood pressure refers to the blood flow pressure against the arteries' walls when the heart pumps it around the body.  It is measured in millimetres of mercury (mmHg). Although the normal blood pressure for adults is 120/80 mm/Hg, it may vary depending on the health, gender, and age of the individual. 


Hypertension and hypotension are the two conditions that usually occur when the normal blood pressure either exceeds or is reduced. In general, 

  • High blood pressure range is considered to be 140/90mmHg or higher

  • Low blood pressure range is considered to be below 90/60mmHg


The blood pressure is measured in two figures, i.e. systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Let us understand these

Parameter

Systolic Blood Pressure

Diastolic Blood Pressure

Definition

It is the maximum pressure exerted on the walls of the arteries when the heart contracts and pumps blood out

It is the minimum pressure in the arteries between heartbeats when the heart is relaxed and refilling with blood

Measurement

Represents the top number in a blood pressure reading

Represents the bottom number in a blood pressure reading 

Health Range

Ideal range: Below 120 mmHg

Ideal range: Below 80
mmHg

Risk Factors

High systolic pressure is linked to an increased risk of heart disease and stroke

High diastolic pressure is associated with a higher risk of organ damage and cardiovascular issues

Also Read: Major Causes Of High Blood Pressure

Understanding The Blood Pressure Chart

The blood is the best connective tissue that transports oxygen and nutrients to different parts of the body therefore, its flow against the walls of the arteries matters a lot. Generally, ideal blood pressure ranges between 120mmHg/60mmHg, but it may vary from person to person. Below, we have described the different blood pressure categories to understand them better.

Blood Pressure Categories


Blood pressure readings are typically categorised into several groups:

Blood Pressure Category

Systolic Range

Diastolic Range

Normal

Less than 120 mm Hg

Less than 80 mm Hg

Elevated

120-129 mm Hg

Less than 80 mm Hg

Hypertension

Stage 1

130-139 mm Hg

80-89 mm Hg

Hypertension

Stage 2

At least 140 mm Hg

At least 90 mm Hg

Also Read: All You Need To Know About Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension)

Blood Pressure Chart By Age And Gender

Blood pressure differs with age and gender, here is how you can understand the category of blood pressure by its readings:

Blood Pressure Chart For Men

Age Group

Blood Pressure Category

Systolic
(mm Hg)

Diastolic
(mm Hg)

18-29

Normal

120-125

80-84

Elevated

126-129

85-89

Hypertension Stage 1

130-139

90-99

Hypertension Stage 2

140 or higher

100 or higher

30-39

Normal

122-127

81-85

Elevated

128-131

86-90

Hypertension Stage 1

132-141

91-99

Hypertension Stage 2

142 or higher

100 or higher

40-49

Normal

125-130

83-87

Elevated

131-135

88-92

Hypertension Stage 1

136-145

93-101

Hypertension Stage 2

146 or higher

102 or higher

50-59

Normal

128-134

85-89

Elevated

135-139

90-94

Hypertension Stage 1

140-149

95-103

Hypertension Stage 2

150 or higher

104 or higher

60+

Normal

130-138

86-90

Elevated

139-143

91-95

Hypertension Stage 1

144-153

96-104

Hypertension Stage 2

154 or higher

105 or higher


Blood Pressure Chart For Women

Age Group

Blood Pressure Category

Systolic
(mm Hg)

Diastolic
(mm Hg)

18-29

Normal

110-115

70-74

Elevated

116-119

75-79

Hypertension Stage 1

120-129

80-89

Hypertension Stage 2

130 or higher

90 or higher

30-39

Normal

111-116

71-75

Elevated

117-120

76-80

Hypertension Stage 1

121-130

81-90

Hypertension Stage 2

131 or higher

91 or higher

40-49

Normal

113-118

72-76

Elevated

119-123

77-81

Hypertension Stage 1

124-133

82-91

Hypertension Stage 2

134 or higher

92 or higher

50-59

Normal

114-120

73-77

Elevated

121-126

78-82

Hypertension Stage 1

127-136

83-92

Hypertension Stage 2

137 or higher

93 or higher

60+

Normal

119-125

75-80

Elevated

126-131

81-85

Hypertension Stage 1

132-141

86-94

Hypertension Stage 2

142 or higher

95 or higher

Women's Low Blood Pressure Chart

Low blood pressure is also known as hypotension, and it generally occurs when your systolic blood pressure reduces to below 90 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure comes to below 60 mmHg. You can also try some effective home remedies for low blood pressure

Blood Pressure Category

Systolic (mm Hg)

Diastolic (mm Hg)

Normal

90-120

60-80

Low (Hypotension)

Below 90

Below 60

Paediatric Blood Pressure Chart By Age And Gender

Blood pressure norms for children depend on their age and gender and may change as they grow. It's crucial to get a paediatrician's interpretation and monitoring of these readings. Below is a general guideline for paediatric blood pressure by age and gender:

Blood Pressure Chart For Boys 

Age Group

Blood Pressure Category

Systolic (mm Hg)

Diastolic (mm Hg)

Infants

(0-12 months)

Normal

72-104

37-63

High

>95th percentile

>95th percentile

Preschoolers

(1-5 years)

Normal

80-110

34-74

High

>95th percentile

>95th percentile

School-Aged

(6-12 years)

Normal

88-120

50-80

High

>95th percentile

>95th percentile

Adolescents (13-18 years)

Normal

94-120

60-80

High

>95th percentile

>95th percentile

Blood Pressure Chart For Girls

Infants

(0-12 months)

Normal

72-104

37-63

High

>95th percentile

>95th percentile

Preschoolers

(1-5 years)

Normal

80-110

34-74

High

>95th percentile

>95th percentile

School-Aged

(6-12 years)

Normal

88-120

50-80

High

>95th percentile

>95th percentile

Adolescents (13-18 years)

Normal

94-120

60-80

High

>95th percentile

>95th percentile

Why Does Blood Pressure Fluctuate?

Some factors may hamper the functioning and flow of the blood, resulting in fluctuating blood pressure. Some of them are:

  • Consuming high-sodium foods

  • Less physical activity

  • Overweight or obese

  • Alcohol consumption

  • Stress and anxiety

  • Smoking

  • Diabetes 

  • Genetics

  • Kidney disorders

  • Thyroid 

  • Disturbed sleep cycle

How To Maintain Healthy Blood Pressure?

To maintain healthy blood pressure, follow the following tips:

  • You should include more fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy in your regular diet plan.

  • High sodium can trigger high blood pressure; thus, try to use less than 2,300 mg per day, ideally 1,500 mg.

  • Regular body movement or exercise can help prevent the risk of high BP.

  • Start drinking herbal teas to manage your blood pressure.

  • Reduce alcohol consumption and quit smoking, as it may trigger your BP.

  • Try meditation or yoga to manage your stress and anxiety levels.

  • Regular medical check-up helps you monitor your health.

The Final Say

Blood pressure chart is an ideal way to take control of your health and ensure that your blood pressure remains within a healthy range. Keep an eye on what you are eating plus what you are doing to manage your ideal blood pressure. 

By following the healthy tips mentioned in this blog you can prevent unnecessary fluctuation in the blood pressure. Always remember, your health is in your hands, so make informed choices for a better, healthier life. For more information regarding blood pressure or health-related doubts, you can connect us on ToneOp!

FAQs

1. What is a normal blood pressure?

Normal blood pressure measures the force your heart uses to pump blood around your body. It ranges to 120/80 mmHg. The first number represents the systolic pressure, while the second indicates diastolic pressure.


2. What causes high BP?

The major causes of high blood pressure include:

  • Consuming high sodium foods

  • Less physical activity

  • Overweight or obese

  • Alcohol consumption

  • Stress and anxiety

  • Smoking

  • Diabetes 


3. What are the symptoms of high blood pressure?

Some symptoms of blood pressure include

  • Headaches

  • Dizziness

  • Fatigue

  • Shortness of breath

  • Nosebleeds

  • Vision problems

References 

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