Diagnosis And Management Of Hypertension



Published on: 11-Mar-2023


10 min read




Anjali Dwivedi


Diagnosis And Management Of Hypertension

Diagnosis And Management Of Hypertension

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One of the most crucial facets of cardiovascular protection across the world is the accurate diagnosis and management of high blood pressure (HBP), and India is no exception. Changing your diet is a practical approach to medical care. Among this nationally representative group of Indians aged 45 and over, 55.7% had been diagnosed with hypertension, 38.9% were taking some form of treatment for it, and 31.7% had their BP under control.


Table Of Contents

1. Why Is The Diagnosis Of Hypertension Important?

2. Tests For Hypertension

3. Management Of Hypertension

4. The Final Say

5. FAQs

Why Is Diagnosis Of Hypertension Important?

Any medical intervention, from pharmaceuticals to surgical procedures, is predicted on your diagnosis. It is crucial to get a correct diagnosis to avoid wasting time on the wrong treatment. The patient's input is critical for making an accurate diagnosis. Preventing cardiovascular disease and stroke mainly depends on early hypertension detection and treatment. It is essential to detect hypertension early and accurately and to monitor the condition regularly to achieve desired results from treatment. Recent guidelines for the detection of hypertension are discussed here. Treatments can be more effective and help the infected person avoid future complications if it is diagnosed. When a medical condition is detected early, it can be managed better. Mere lifestyle changes to manage hypertension can be a step towards an individual's overall wellness.

Tests For Hypertension

If you are diagnosed with high blood pressure, your provider may recommend tests to check for a cause.

1.  Ambulatory Monitoring

A blood pressure monitoring test may be performed to examine blood pressure at set intervals over an extended period. "ambulatory blood pressure monitoring" describes this method. Some hospitals need more testing equipment. Your health insurance may cover ambulatory blood pressure monitoring.

2.  Lab Tests 

Laboratory blood and urine examinations may detect diseases contributing to or exacerbating hypertension. Checking your cholesterol and glucose levels are only two examples. The lab may also perform kidney, liver, and thyroid tests.

3. Electrocardiogram (ECG Or EKG)

This easy examination detects irregularities in the electrical activity of the heart. It can see the heart rate and provide accurate information. Electrodes are sensors connected to the body during an ECG, often on the chest but sometimes on the arms and legs.

4. Echocardiogram

Using sound waves, this test is non-invasive and can provide high-resolution pictures of the beating heart. The diagram demonstrates how the heart and its valves control blood flow throughout the body.

Management Of Hypertension

You may wonder whether you need to take medication to lower your blood pressure if you have been diagnosed with hypertension. Yet, one of the most critical factors in managing high blood pressure is changing one's way of life. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle may help control blood pressure, delaying or reducing the need for medication.

1. Drop The Extra Weight 

With added pounds comes an increased risk of high blood pressure. In addition, sleep interrupted by your breathing stopping and starting repeatedly (sleep apnea) is another side effect of being overweight that can raise blood pressure.

Weight loss is a surefire way to maintain your blood pressure at normal levels. For those who are overweight or obese, even a modest amount of weight loss can positively affect their blood pressure. As a rule of thumb, it is possible that your blood pressure would decrease by about 1 millimetre of mercury (mm Hg) for every kilogram that you shed.

2. Do Physical Activity Regularly

Regular exercise reduces high blood pressure by roughly 5 to 8 mm Hg. Maintaining physical activity is essential for avoiding a relapse into hypertension. Maintain a daily workout routine of at least 30 minutes duration.

Walking, running, cycling, swimming, and dancing are examples of aerobic activities that can help reduce blood pressure. Strength training is beneficial for lowering blood pressure. Try to get some strength training at least twice a week. Get in touch with your doctor about starting an exercise regimen.

3. Eat A Well-Balanced Diet

A diet rich in whole grains, fruits, and vegetables and low in saturated fat and cholesterol may lower high blood pressure by as much as 11 mm Hg. Both the DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension), Mediterranean diets and detox diets are good examples of eating programmes that can help keep blood pressure in check. 

4. Cut Back On Sodium (Salt)

Reducing only 10 per cent of total sodium intake may significantly impact cardiovascular health and high blood pressure, bringing it down by around 5 to 6 mm Hg.

Different populations respond differently to sodium's impact on blood pressure. Therefore, a daily intake of 2,300 milligrams (mg) or less of salt is recommended. But consuming 1,500 milligrams of salt or less daily is recommended for most individuals.

5. Restricting Alcohol Use

Roughly 4 mm Hg can lower blood pressure if men and women drink less than one daily drink. 12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces of wine, or 1.5 ounces of 80 per cent spirits all equal one drink.

Yet, drinking to excess might cause your blood pressure to rise significantly. Antihypertensive medications may be less effective as a result. 

6. Reduce Or Eliminate Tobacco Use

Blood pressure is raised due to smoking. Putting an end to nicotine use can reduce blood pressure. It can also enhance health in general, lower the probability of developing heart disease, and even add years to one's life expectancy. 

 7. Ensure You Have A Restful Night's Sleep

Lack of quality sleep, defined as less than six hours of sleep each night for several nights, has been linked to increased blood pressure. In addition, conditions such as sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome, and persistent insomnia may make it difficult to fall asleep and stay asleep (insomnia). Regular insomnia is something you should discuss with your physician.

8. Relieve Tension

High blood pressure may be influenced by long-term (chronic) emotional stress. Even if stress reduction approaches have been shown to lower blood pressure, more study is needed to confirm this.

Nonetheless, it is always a good idea to identify the sources of your stress, whether it is your job, family, money, or health, and then focus on alleviating that tension. Consider these options:

9. Regular Checkups And Home Monitoring Of Blood Pressure

Checking your blood pressure at home is a convenient way to monitor your health. It can verify the efficacy of your treatment and encourage further progress.

Nowadays, you may get a blood pressure monitor for your home without a doctor's note. However, before beginning any sort of home monitoring, it is essential to see a doctor.

10. Seek Help

They have friends and family who have their back no matter what is essential to a happy and healthy life. They could advise you to take better care of yourself by going to the gym regularly or scheduling more doctor's appointments, or they might even offer to drive you there.

If you need more assistance than you can receive from your loved ones, consider considering joining a support group. This may put you in contact with people who can improve your outlook on life and health and provide practical guidance.

The Final Say

Making positive adjustments to one's lifestyle, such as giving up unhealthy habits like smoking, eating poorly, and not getting enough exercise, may always benefit one's health. These are the most effective measures for lowering blood pressure and avoiding serious health problems that might arise from it.


1. What are the root causes of hypertension?

Inactivity, poor food, obesity, advanced age, and heredity may all contribute to hypertension, but the exact cause of high blood pressure in most individuals is unknown.

2. In what ways are systolic and diastolic blood pressure different?

The systolic pressure, the force of the blood against the artery walls when your heart beats, is expressed as a number greater than the diastolic pressure, the blood pressure when the heart is at rest. For instance, the notation "120 over 80" (mmHg) defines a blood pressure value. This is because pressure measures 120 on the systolic side and 80 on the diastolic.

3. What are the symptoms of high blood pressure?

Because of the lack of noticeable symptoms, high blood pressure is typically ignored. Because of this, hypertension is often identified by a doctor during a checkup. If hypertension runs in your family or you have other risk factors, you must monitor your blood pressure regularly.

Doctors use a blood pressure cuff to measure the patient's blood pressure and diagnose hypertension. Your doctor will want to know your systolic and diastolic blood pressure readings, so pay attention to both.


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